English UK » Czech Small Talk 3

22 [twenty-two]
Small Talk 3

Small Talk 3

22 [dvacet dva]
Konverzace 3
[Konverzace 3]

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English UK Czech
Do you smoke? Ko-----? Kouříte?
I used to. Dř--- a--. Dříve ano.
Dříve ano.
But I don’t smoke anymore. Al- t-- u- n-------. Ale teď už nekouřím.
Ale teď už nekouřím.
Does it disturb you if I smoke? Va-- v--- ž- k-----? Vadí vám, že kouřím?
Vadí vám, že kouřím?
No, absolutely not. Ne- v---- n-. Ne, vůbec ne.
Ne, vůbec ne.
It doesn’t disturb me. To m- n-----. To mi nevadí.
To mi nevadí.
Will you drink something? Dá-- s- n--- k p---? Dáte si něco k pití?
Dáte si něco k pití?
A brandy? Dá-- s- k----? Dáte si koňak?
Dáte si koňak?
No, preferably a beer. Ne- r----- p---. Ne, raději pivo.
Ne, raději pivo.
Do you travel a lot? Ce------- h----? Cestujete hodně?
Cestujete hodně?
Yes, mostly on business trips. An-- v------- j----- n- s------- c----. Ano, většinou jezdím na služební cesty.
Ano, většinou jezdím na služební cesty.
But now we’re on holiday. Al- t-- j--- n- d-------. Ale teď jsme na dovolené.
Ale teď jsme na dovolené.
It’s so hot! To j- a-- v----! To je ale vedro!
To je ale vedro!
Yes, today it’s really hot. An-- d--- j- o------ h----. Ano, dnes je opravdu horko.
Ano, dnes je opravdu horko.
Let’s go to the balcony. Po---- n- b-----. Pojďme na balkón.
Pojďme na balkón.
There’s a party here tomorrow. Zí--- t--- b--- p----. Zítra tady bude párty.
Zítra tady bude párty.
Are you also coming? Př------ t---? Přijdete také?
Přijdete také?
Yes, we’ve also been invited. An-- j--- t--- p------. Ano, jsme také pozváni.
Ano, jsme také pozváni.

Using languages to fight Alzheimer's

Those who want to stay mentally fit should learn languages. Language skills can protect against dementia. Numerous scientific studies have proven this. The age of the learner doesn't play a role at all. What's important is that the brain is regularly exercised. Learning vocabulary activates different areas of the brain. These areas control important cognitive processes. Therefore, people who are multilingual are more attentive. They can also concentrate better. However, multilingualism has additional advantages. Multilingual people can make better decisions. That is, they come to a decision faster. This is because their brain has learned to choose.

It always knows at least two terms for one thing. Each of these terms is a feasible option. Therefore, multilingual people are constantly making decisions. Their brains have practice in choosing between many things. And this training doesn't just benefit the speech center of the brain. Many areas of the brain profit from multilingualism. Language skills also mean better cognitive control. Of course, language skills will not prevent dementia. However, in multilingual people the disease progresses slower. And their brains seem better able to counterbalance the effects. In language learners symptoms of dementia appear in a weaker form. Confusion and forgetfulness are less serious. Therefore, old and young profit equally from language acquisition. And: With each language it gets easier to learn a new one. So, we should all be reaching for the dictionary instead of medicine!

Guess the language!

_______ is counted among the Indo-Germanic languages. However, it is not closely related to any other language in the group. No one knows exactly how _______ came into being. Today it is mainly spoken in ****** and in Kosovo. It is the native language of around 6 million people. _______ is divided into two large dialect groups. The Shkumbin River is the dividing line between the northern and southern dialects.

In some areas there is a noticeable difference between the two. The written form of _______ wasn't developed until the 20th century. The language is written with Latin letters. The grammar is somewhat similar to Greek and Romanian. It is also possible to find parallels to South Slavic languages. All of these similarities must have arisen from contact with those languages. If you are interested in languages, you should definitely learn _______! It is a unique language!